Parenting styles play an integral role in the development of a child. In fact, research has revealed that parenting styles can influence a child’s social, cognitive, and psychological growth, which affects children both in the childhood years, and as an adult. This is because children develop through a number of stimuli, interaction, and exchange, which surround them. The fact that parents are regularly around a child’s life they will influence him/her either negatively or positively. This paper discusses the parenting styles adopted by parents across different countries.
The commonly known parenting styles are four. They include authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful parenting. Authoritative parenting is parenting style that is both responsive and demanding. Parents who use this parenting style teach their children to be independent while at the same time controlling their actions. Authoritative parents understand their child’s emotions, and they teach them how to control their feelings. In addition, these parents always demand maturity. Punishments are prevalent in this style, but they are not violent or arbitrary. This parenting style has the advantage that children respond accordingly due to the various set limits.
Authoritarian parenting is the next parenting style. It is also known as strict parenting, and it is both unresponsive and demanding. The central characteristic of this style is that parents expect their children to comply, and conform to every rule. This parenting style has little open communication between the parent and the child. Authoritarian parents normally require their children to follow the set rules without even a single explanation why the rules and limits are set. According to research, parents who adopt this parenting style are unresponsive to the child’s emotional needs. As a result, these children tend to display low social competence because their parents prevent them from making their own choices.
Indulgent parenting is a parenting style that is undemanding and responsive. Parents who adopt this style are normally permissive and lenient, only because they have few expectations from the child. Indulgent parents are usually involved with their children, but they set very few rules and limits. Children brought up through this style are often seen as rude and spoiled. This is because their parents do not teach them how to control their emotions.
The last parenting style is neglectful parenting. Unlike the other three, neglectful parenting is neither demanding nor responsive. Instead, parents a completely uninvolved with the child’s growth. Neglectful parents are usually unresponsive and dismissive to their children’s emotional needs. Children brought up through this parenting style are often mature and independent; although they tend to display emotional withdraw towards other people. In addition, these children do not express their feelings easily.
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